So what do all of these acronyms mean?

    1:1 - One to One Assistant

    AAC - Alternative Augmentative Communication
    ABA - Applied Behavioral Analysis
    ADA - Americans with Disabilities Act
    ADD/ADHD - Attention Deficit/Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    APE - Adaptive Physical Education
    ASD - Autism Spectrum Disorders
    ASL - American Sign Language
    AT - Assistive Technology
    AYP - Adequate Yearly Progress

    BCBA - Board Certified Behavior Analyst
    BD - Behavioral Disorder
    BIP - Behavioral Intervention Plan
    BOE - Board of Education

    CAPD - Central Auditory Processing Disorder
    CAPTA - Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act
    CBA - Curriculum Based Assessment
    CC - Closed Captioning
    CCSS - Common Core State Standards (now updated)
    CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    CEC - Council for Exceptional Children
    CF - Cystic Fibrosis
    CP - Cerebral Palsy
    CST - Child Study Team
    CM - Case Manager

    DB - Deaf-Blind
    DD - Developmental Delay
    DD Act - Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act
    DS - Down Syndrome
    DSM - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders by the American Psychiatric Association

    ECE - Early Childhood Education
    Ed Spec - Educational Specialist
    ED - Emotional Disturbance
    ED - U.S. Department of Education
    EHA - Education of the Handicapped Act (now IDEA)
    EI - Early Intervention
    EIS - Early Intervention Services
    ELL - English Language Learner
    EMH - Educable Mentally Handicapped**
    EMR - Educable Mentally Retarded
    ERIC - Education Resources Information Center
    ESEA - Elementary and Secondary Education Act (now called ESSA)
    ESL - English as a Second Language
    ESSA - Every Student Succeeds Act
    ESY or EYS - Extended School Year or Extended Year Services

    FAPE - Free Appropriate Public Education
    FAS - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    FBA - Functional Behavioral Assessment
    FC - Facilitated Communication
    FERPA - Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

    GE - General Education
    GT - Gifted and Talented
    HI - Hearing Impaired
    HO - Hearing Officer
    HoH - Hard of Hearing

    ICR - In-Class Resource
    ID - Intellectual Disabilities**
    IDEA - Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
    Int Presch - Integrated Preschool
    IE - Independent Evaluation
    IEP - Individualized Education Program
    IFSP - Individualized Family Service Plan
    IHP - Individualized Health Care Plan
    ITP - Individualized Transition Plan

    LCSW - Licensed Clinical Social Worker
    LD - Learning Disability
    LDT/C - Learning Disabilities Teacher/Consultant
    LEA - Local Education Agency
    LEP - Limited English Proficiency
    LRE - Least Restrictive Environment

    MD - Muscular Dystrophy
    MD or MH - Multiple Disabilities or Multiply Handicapped
    NMR - Mildly Mentally Retarded
    Mod MR - Moderately Mentally Retarded**
    MR - Mental Retardation**

    NASP - National Association of School Psychologists
    NCLB - No Child Left Behind Act (Elementary and Secondary Education Act, reauthorized in 2015 as ESSA, Every Student Succeeds Act)
    NJSLS - New Jersey Student Learning Standards (previously called CCSS)
    NIH - National Institutes of Health
    NIMH - National Institute of Mental Health

    OCD - Obsessive -Compulsive Disorder
    ODD - Oppositional Defiant Disorder
    OHI - Other Health Impaired
    OI - Orthopedic Impairment
    O & M - Orientation and Mobility Services
    OSEP - Office of Special Education Programs at the U.S. Department of Education
    OT - Occupational Therapy

    PARCC - Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Career
    PBS - Positive Behavioral Supports
    PCA - Personal Care Attendant
    PD - Physical Disability
    PDD - Pervasive Development Disorder
    PEI - Spanish acronym for the Individualized Education Program (Plan Educativo Individualizado)
    PLAPF - Present Level of Academic Performance ?
    POR - Pull Out Resource
    PP - Paraprofessional
    PS - Preschool
    PT - Physical Therapy

    RS - Related Services
    RTI - Response to Intervention

    SAS - Supplementary Aids and Services
    SB - Spina Bifida
    SC - Self-Contained
    SE - Special Education
    SEA - State Education Agency
    SEAC - Special Education Advisory Committee
    Section 504 - Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
    SED - Serious Emotional Disturbance
    SI - Sensory Integration
    SLD - Specific Learning Disability
    SLI - Speech/Language Impairment
    SLP - Speech/Language Pathologist
    Spec Ed Assist - Special Education Assistant
    SSDI - Social Security Disability Income
    SSI - Supplemental Security Income

    TBI - Traumatic Brain Injury
    TDD - Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf
    TMH - Trainable Mentally Handicapped**
    TMR - Trainable Mentally Retarded**
    TS - Tourette Syndrome

    VI - Visual Impairment
    Voc Ed - Vocational Education
    VR - Vocational Rehabilitation

    ** Until October 2010, IDEA used the term "mental retardation."  In October 2010, Rosa's Law was signed into law by President Obama.  Rosa's Law changed the term to be used in future to "intellectual disability."  The definition of the term itself did not change, only the use of "intellectual disability" instead of "mental retardation."


    Accommodations, Modifications, and Intervention...............

    Accommodations are changes in HOW a student accesses information and demonstrates learning.  They are used in classroom instruction and in assessment.  It is important to keep in mind that accommodations do not substantially change the content, instruction level, or expected performance.  They level the playing field to provide equal access to students.

    Modifications are changes in WHAT a student is expected to learn or demonstrate.  They do alter the content or lower the standard or expectations.  Modifications can allow for meaningful participation and enhanced learning.  Instead of leveling the playing field, modifications change the game.

    Intervention involves supplemental DIRECT INSTRUCTION that addresses specific skills and concepts. Interventions are directly linked to screening, diagnostic, and/or progress monitoring assessment data. Interventions are expected to be research/evidence based, systematic, and explicit.  Interventions will vary according to need and student response.  

    Resource programs offer individual and small group instruction to students with disabilities.  Resource programs may be provided in a general education classroom or in a pullout resource classroom.   These programs provide support or replacement instruction.  
    Special class programs shall serve students who have similar educational needs in accordance with their individualized education programs.  Special programs offer instruction in the core curriculum content standards unless the IEP specifies an alternative curriculum due to the nature and the severity of the student's disability.  The general education and curriculum and the instructional strategies may be modified based on the student's IEP.  The following are the types of special class programs located within Tabernacle Township Public Schools.